• Mental health power point

    Disorder/

    Syndrome

    AKA

    Definition

    Symptoms

    Cause

    Treatment

    Cure

    Depression

     

    State of low mood and aversion to activity that can have a negative effect on a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings, worldview and physical well-being.

    May feel sad, anxious, empty, and hopeless.

    Lose interest in activities, experience loss of appetite,

    Insomnia, excessive sleeping, fatigue may be physical displays of depression.

    Stress, Major life change, chemical imbalance

    Therapy and/or Antidepressants (SSRI)

    Yes

    Adjustment Disorder

     

    An adjustment disorder occurs when an individual is unable to adjust to or cope with a particular stressor, like a major life event.

    See Depression Symptoms above.

    Outside stressor such as a major life change

    Therapy (could have to go through grieving process depending on the life change.)

    Yes

    Bi-Polar Disorder

    Manic-depressive disorder

    Mood disorder in which people experience disruptive mood swings. These encompass a frenzied state known as mania (or hypomania) usually alternated with symptoms of depression.

    Individuals in a hypomanic state have a decreased need for sleep, are extremely outgoing and competitive, and have a great deal of energy. Alternately see Depression Symptoms above.

    Genetic factors contribute substantially to the likelihood of developing bipolar disorder.

    Therapy and/or Antidepressants (SSRI) and Mood Stabilizers

    Yes

    Seasonal Affective Disorder

    SAD

    Mood disorder in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year experience depressive symptoms in the winter or summer, spring or autumn year after year.

    Normal mental health throughout most of the year experience depressive symptoms in the winter or summer, spring or autumn year after year.

    Lack of hormones the body normally produces due to season change.

    Light therapy with bright lights, antidepressant medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy, ionized-air administration, supplementation of the hormone melatonin.

    Yes

    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    PTSD

    Severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma.

    Flashbacks, night scares and often Depression Symptoms along with actions out of character, lashing out and destructive behaviors.

    Traumatic event may involve the threat of death, sexual, assault, overwhelming the individual's ability to cope.

     

    Therapy and/or Antidepressants (SSRI)

    Yes

    Disorder/

    Syndrome

    AKA

    Definition

    Symptoms

    Cause

    Treatment

    Cure

    Postpartum Depression

    PPD

    Type of clinical depression which can affect women, and less frequently men, typically after childbirth

    Sadness, fatigue, changes in sleeping and eating patterns, reduced libido, crying episodes, anxiety, and irritability

    Giving birth/ hormonal change

    Therapy and/or Antidepressants (SSRI)

    Yes

    Anxiety Disorder

     

    Excessive worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future uncertainties either based on real or imagined events, which may affect both physical and psychological health

    Excessive worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear, anxiety attacks that can last for days or weeks.

    Often genetic, can be long term stress related

    Therapy and/or Anti-Anxiety Drugs

    Yes

    Schizophrenia

     

    Mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought process and by poor emotional responsiveness.

    Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and are accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.

    Genetic usually presents itself in early 20’s

    Antipsychotic medication, which primarily suppresses dopamine (and sometimes serotonin) receptor activity. Psychotherapy and vocational and social rehabilitation are also important in treatment.

    Yes/No

    Dissociative Identity Disorder

    DID

    Mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring identities or personalities that alternately control a person’s behavior and is accompanied by memory impairment for important information not explained by ordinary forgetfulness.

    Distinct change in personality depending on stress, situation or mood. Control of the body isn’t with the same personality all the time.

    Unknown, could be traumatic events especially in early development of personality in youth

    Therapy, controversial in the psychological community

    Yes/No

    Panic Disorder

     

    Anxiety disorder characterized by recurring severe panic attacks. Panic attacks cannot be predicted, therefore an individual may become stressed, anxious or worried wondering when the next panic attack will occur

    Panic attacks are periods of intense fear or apprehension that are of sudden onset and of variable duration of minutes to hours.

    Genetic, phobias, stress, diet, medication

    Therapy and/or Anti-Anxiety Drugs, avoidance of stressors/phobias, change in diet or medication

    Yes/No

    Disorder/

    Syndrome

    AKA

    Definition

    Symptoms

    Cause

    Treatment

    Cure

    Agoraphobia

     

    Condition where the sufferer becomes anxious in environments that are unfamiliar or where he or she perceives that they have little control

    See symptoms for panic disorder or anxiety disorder

    Trauma where help was not readily available or trauma in an unfamiliar area

    Therapy and/or Anti-Anxiety Drugs

    Yes

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    ADHD Was ADD

    Characterized by either significant difficulties of inattention or hyperactivity and impulsiveness or a combination of the two

    Restlessness, acting impulsively, and lack of focus, which impairs their ability to learn properly.

    Genetics, inactivity, diet?

    Cognitive Behavior Therapy and or stimulants (such as Ritalin, Adderall), exercise

    Yes/No

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

    OCD

    An anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.

     

    Ritualistic behaviors that are repeated to alleviate anxiety or to make the person feel better.

    Unknown

    Cognitive Behavior Therapy, can take medications as well such as anti anxiety medications.

    Yes

    What else to study?

    1. Cognitive behavior therapy