• World Mythology

    Mrs. Naroff – Room 205



    Mythology and science both extend the scope of human beings.

    Like science and technology, mythology, as we shall see,

    is not about opting out of this world,

    but about enabling us to live more intensely within it.

    ~Karen Armstrong


    Welcome to worlds past, present and future. In this course, we will compare, contrast and explore the myths of various cultures to understand and appreciate their rich diversity.  Through our analysis of myth, legend, folktale, song, poetry, art and media, we will seek to understand how a culture conveys its core beliefs, values and traditions. Prepare to investigate the answers to universal questions to enhance your knowledge and pique your interest.

    I. Essential Questions to expand awareness:

    *How does a culture pay reverence to its deities, and what do the deities reflect about the culture?

    *How does a culture reflect its concept of good and evil?

    *How does a culture’s belief in the afterlife influence its daily customs and traditions?

    *How do archetypes, heroes and villains influence a culture’s beliefs, traditions and values?

     II. Myth Exploration to prompt analysis:

    *Creation and destruction

    *Fertility, abandonment and renewal

    *Chaos vs. balance

    *Sacrifice and rebirth

    *The hero’s quest


    III. Cultural Study to explore diversity:

    *Native American and Hawaiian Natives                                               

    *Mesoamerican (Aztec, Incan, Mayan)               

    *Far East – Japan, China and Korea                                                                  




    *Urban Legends


    IV. Materials to enhance learning:

    *Pocket folder - devoted to just this class!

    *Assorted myths, stories, legends, folktales

    *Pens; highlighters; pencils


    V. Assessments to validate success:

    *Quizzes & Tests

    *Journal entries and analytical responses

    *Creative projects

    *Original myths and poems

    *Independent and group research


    *Active graded notebook

    *Class participation and cooperation

    *Final Exam (objective) – seniors with an A average will be exempt


    VI. Strategies to promote learning:

    *Bring materials to class each day.

    *Complete all work on time

    *Participate through respectful interactions.

    *Enjoy your travels.

    *Since there were no cell phones in the time we are studying, none are needed here!

    Final Thoughts to Inspire Reflection:

    *While history unearths the facts about a culture, mythology reveals its personality.

    *An archaeologist digs for relics; a mythologist digs for stories.

    *Stories define our existence, our reality and our dreams.

    *Humans are fated to live and die, but stories linger.


    Council Rock School District strongly encourages parents to survey the outstanding collection of challenging literature contained within our program. Much of the content presents important and complex ideas that encourage critical thinking. Any connection discussed in class is made that much stronger by the conversation and connections that are made at home. We invite you to discuss any of the elements of our courses with your child’s teacher.